This document has been developed through the work of the International Taskforce on Cervical Cancer Elimination in the Commonwealth, a recently launched taskforce of advisers and advocates that aims to accelerate national and Commonwealth action on cervical cancer elimination goals. The document comes in response to concerns around a growing body of myths and misconceptions that has the potential to contribute to vaccine hesitancy and affect participation in cervical cancer prevention and control programmes. It compiles some of the most common myths and misconceptions surrounding HPV and cervical cancer and provides a starting point for different actors to develop effective messages to counter these in policy and programmes to eliminate cervical cancer. The document seeks to group these myths and misconceptions into core ‘themes’ with a common action or message supported by evidence. The information in this document provides a starting point to develop messages that are adapted to national or regional contexts.