Molecular subtypes

Profiles of molecular subtypes of Gastric Cancer

Wednesday 23 March 2022

Classification systems for gastric cancer (GC) were based on comprehensive molecular analysis of that provided insights into developing personalised therapy. Aim of the study was to establish a less cumbersome and clinically relevant assay for different histological tumor types describing associated clinico-pathological parameters in 100 hundred GCs. The cases were assessed for mismatch repair protein deficiency (MMRd), P53 aberrancy and E-cadherin aberrancy by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Her2/neu amplification by IHC and fluorescence in-situ hybridisation.  Fifty-seven cases were of Laurén intestinal subtype and 43 cases had diffuse morphology. Age range is 25-90yrs (Mean - 53.3yrs), male female ratio is 3.3:1. Diffuse GC is more common in younger female patients (P - 0.041). Eight cases showed MMRd, are of intestinal subtype and more commonly seen in Gastric cancer with lymphoid stroma. MMRd is associated with older age, distal location and better outcome and survival (P 0.042). P53 aberrancy is identified in 51% of cases. MMRd and P53 showed inverse relation. P53 positive gastric cancer show a higher pT and lymph node involvement (P- 0.028). Her2neu overexpression is identified in 15% of the cases of GC. All Her2 positive cases were of intestinal morphology which also include 2 cases of cribriform carcinoma and 1 hepatoid adenocarcinoma. Thirty cases were microsatellite stable, P53 and E-cadherin wild type. We have demonstrated that GC can be classified into clinically relevant subgroups by using a convenient screening tool.

Event Information

Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Reserarch, Chandigarh. India.
Hybrid - No 81 Sector 24 Room No 505, Department of Histopathology, PGIMER, Chandigarh. India. pin 160012. Chandigarh Chandigarh 160023 India
UICC Member
This event is under the auspices of UICC
Last update: 
Wednesday 6 April 2022