Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with an estimated 14.1 million new cases and 8.2 million deaths annually (Globocan, 2012). The developing world is bearing over half of this burden, but is the least equipped to cope with the situation. Having data to help us understand the burden is the first essential step for effective cancer control planning.
High-quality incidence and mortality data inform governments so that effective policies for cancer control can be developed, implemented and evaluated. Guided by reliable data, this results in the right interventions for saving lives and improving the conditions of cancer patients and their families. Currently, the existence of cancer registration is lacking in the developing world with large disparities in the percentage of population covered by population-based cancer registries (PBCR) between high-income and low- and middle-income countries.
IARC Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, (CI5) vol IX (2007)