HPV, the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus, which is the cause of virtually all cervical cancer cases. A persistent HPV infection can cause "precancerous" lesions to develop, that if caught early can be treated.
Every year 530’000 women worldwide are diagnosed with cervical cancer, and around 275,000 die from the disease, with 88% of deaths occurring in developing countries.
The study, which examined one million girls (roughly 300,000 girls vaccinated with HPV, compared with almost 700,000 unvaccinated girls born from 1988 to 2000 in Sweden and Denmark) showed that HPV vaccination is highly effective (nearly 100% effectiveness) and determined that there was no risk of serious side effects. This should prove reassuring news to patients, doctors and cancer control planners alike, as many HPV vaccination programmes are implemented and being developed throughout the world.
For more information about the study, please read the ScienceNordic article here.