Global Non-communicable Disease Framework
Of the 57 million global deaths in 2008, 36 million, or 63% were due to Non-communicable Disease (NCDs), mainly cancers, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases. Nearly 80% of NCD deaths occur in low- and middle- income countries
In 2011 the cancer and NCD community made history with the adoption of the UN Political Declaration on the Prevention and Control of NCDs, which recognised NCDs as a global health and development priority and commited governments to take urgent action to address this growing crisis. Success followed in 2012, with the adoption of a global target to reduce premature deaths from NCDs by 25% by 2025. Most recently, at the 66th World Health Assembly in Geneva (May, 2013), Member States unanimously adopted and supported an omnibus resolution on NCDs. This groundbreaking resolution fulfills commitments made in the UN Political Declaration on NCDs, and signals consensus on the three pillars of a new global NCD architecture - action, accountability and coordination.
The key decisions in the resolution are:
• To endorse the WHO global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs 2013–2020 (GAP);
• To adopt the global monitoring framework on NCDs (GMF), including the 9 global targets and 25 indicators;
• To develop a global coordination mechanism (GCM) by the end of 2013 to coordinate activities and promote engagement of all actors in the global NCD response.
The GMF and GAP include cancer-specific targets, actions and indicators including in the areas of:
- Cancer planning and surveillance
- Vaccination for HPV and HBV against cervical and liver cancers
- Early detection and screening for breast, cervical, oral and colorectal cancers linked to timely treatment
- Access to essential medicines and technologies
- Palliative care policies
These achievements are the outcome of lengthy and complex consultations led by the WHO, to which UICC and its members have contributed every step of the way.
Our next challenge as cancer advocates is to ensure that governments take concrete actions at the national level to make these commitments a reality. We encourage you to use the template letter (available to download in righthand column) to reach out to your Minister of Health and explore how cancer organisations can further support these efforts.